Approximately 85% of the agricultural produce sold on wholesale and retail markets in Kinshasa arrives in the capital by boat. With a sparse road network, the Congo River is a crucial economic artery connecting the country’s vast interior with Kinshasa and enabling smallholder farmers to access urban markets. As a result of population growth and urbanisation, demand for river transport services is growing exponentially. ELAN RDC is addressing a number of systemic constraints to strengthen the river transport sector.
Our successful pilot in Basankusu has already demonstrated that river transporters can achieve a 200% increase in produce transported to Kinshasa. We have facilitated new forms of collaboration between river transporters to build their capacity to access investment and working capital to grow their operations as well as to advocate more effectively for the eradication of illegal taxes that constrain their businesses. Finally, we are providing technical assistance to develop a market information system and warehouses to enable traders in Equateur province to communicate transportation needs to river transport operators.
CASE STUDY: ACOBA Traders’ Association
The Congo River and its tributaries act as major supplier routes to the capital Kinshasa and serve as the principal source of income for millions of poor households throughout the DRC. After conducting studies in key trading areas, ÉLAN RDC discovered that the potential volumes are not being transported due to issues including poor communication between traders and transporters and lack of storage facilities near the river for agricultural produce.
This was very evident for Basankusu, a town on the Lulonga River, a tributary of the Congo River. Despite being a vibrant production centre consisting of 30,000 households, it was serviced by only eight boats in 2013.
To increase traffic to and from this area, ÉLAN RDC developed an improved logistics systems that involved supporting local traders to develop storage capacity and linkages with smallholder farmers and river transporters. Two warehouses were constructed in Basanskusu to resolve the storage issues and a market information system was devised to provide timely information about transport demands for Basankusu traders to river transporters.
One of these warehouses is owned by the trader’s association ACOBA. Médard Munzemba, a member of this association, has been trading agricultural produce for many years. He explains “In 2013 only eight boats came to visit us and I was only able to transport a small proportion of my stock. As I didn’t know when the next boat would come I didn’t buy more produce, which led the farmers to grow less produce the next season. We all lose out when no boats come.”
ÉLAN RDC’s new information and contracting system allowed Médard and other traders operating in the area to come together to guarantee the transporters their trading volume. Thanks to their coordination they were able to purchase a larger quantity of produce, which they used to negotiate a $2 discount in transport cost per bag of maize. This saved them $7,500, allowing the group to purchase additional agricultural products from 161 small producers in the area. Médard himself gained an extra $1,510.
“With the new system we were guaranteed a boat so we could plan ahead and purchase more stock. It has renewed trust between traders and we now cooperate in our work and even entrust our cargo to others on the boat when we cannot travel with it ourselves. This was not done before.” Sid Médard.
So far an impressive 450 tons of agricultural produce has passed through the system.
The market access approach that ÉLAN RDC has applied goes further than any project currently running in Basankusu in connecting the smallholders and traders to consumer markets. Due to the low costs and risks involved in developing this simple aggregation and logistics system, it can easily be replicated in other areas. ÉLAN RDC is currently diffusing this system throughout Equateur province to encourage transporters and traders to trial this new initiative and gain the positive results.